Personal and food hygiene is important throughout the whole life cycle, but especially during pregnancy.
Good hygiene helps to avoid the transmission of harmful germs and prevent healthcare-associated infections including diarrhea and the coronavirus.

Video - personal hygiene

Video - hygienic cooking

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Personal hygiene

  • Frequent handwashing is an important part of personal hygiene

  • Always wash hands in clean water before preparing food and after using the toilet

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Food hygiene

  • Wash and rinse all equipment before preparing the food

  • Scrub cutting boards, tables, etc. with soap and water after preparing foods

  • Get rid of rubbish and kitchen waste quickly

  • Cook meat, fish, and eggs until they are well done to avoid bacterial infection

  • Wash vegetables in clean water, cook for a short time to preserve vitamins and eat immediately 

  • Always wash fruits and raw vegetables in clean water before eating

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Food storage

  • Use clean, covered containers that keep out insects

  • Store food in a cool, airy (ventilated) place

4 C's on how to keep food safe and clean:

Cool, Covered, Cleaned, and Cooked

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  1. Certa Nutritio. (2020, 1 April). GloCal Nutrition [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvxwMjlLzZP_l3CvIWPZHCg

  2. World Health Organization. (2002). Personal, domestic, and community hygiene. In Healthy Villages - A Guide for Communities and Community Health Workers (p. 65). World Health Organization.

  3. World Health Organization. (2009). Hand Hygiene: Why, How & When? https://www.who.int/gpsc/5may/Hand_Hygiene_Why_How_and_When_Brochure.pdf